Page Contents

@loopback/authorization

A LoopBack 4 component for authorization support (Role based, Permission based, Vote based)

To read on key building blocks read through loopback authorization docs

Authorization

Installation

npm install --save @loopback/authorization

Basic use

The following example shows the basic use of @authorize decorator, authorizer and authorization component by authorizing a client according to its role:

ASSUMING your app uses jwt as the authentication strategy, and the user information is encoded in the token from a request’s header.

Define Role Property

First define role as a property in your User model so that after a user logs in, the client’s requests will contain that user’s role.

@model()
export class User extends Entity {
  @property({
    type: 'string',
    id: true,
  })
  id: string;

  @property({
    type: 'string',
    id: true,
  })
  role: string;

Decorate Controller Method

Then decorating your controller methods with @authorize to require the request to be authorized.

import {authorize} from '@loopback/authorization';
import {get} from '@loopback/rest';

export class MyController {
  // user with ADMIN role can see the number of views
  @authorize({allowRoles: ['ADMIN']})
  @get('/number-of-views')
  numOfViews(): number {
    return 100;
  }
}

Create Authorizer Provider

Next create an authorizer provider that compares the request sender’s role and the visited endpoint’s allowed roles, and returns decision ALLOW if they match.

export class MyAuthorizationProvider implements Provider<Authorizer> {
  constructor() {}

  /**
   * @returns authenticateFn
   */
  value(): Authorizer {
    return this.authorize.bind(this);
  }

  async authorize(
    authorizationCtx: AuthorizationContext,
    metadata: AuthorizationMetadata,
  ) {
    const clientRole = authorizationCtx.principals[0].role;
    const allowedRoles = metadata.allowedRoles;
    return allowedRoles.includes(clientRole)
      ? AuthorizationDecision.ALLOW
      : AuthorizationDecision.DENY;
  }
}

Finally, bind the authorizer and mount the authorization component to your application. The authorization component can be configured with options:

const options: AuthorizationOptions = {
  precedence: AuthorizationDecisions.DENY,
  defaultDecision: AuthorizationDecisions.DENY,
};

const binding = app.component(AuthorizationComponent);
app.configure(binding.key).to(options);

app
  .bind('authorizationProviders.my-authorizer-provider')
  .toProvider(MyAuthorizationProvider)
  .tag(AuthorizationTags.AUTHORIZER);

After setting up the authorization system, you can create a user with role ADMIN, login and get the token, then visit endpoint GET /number-of-views with the generated token in the request header.

Summary and Diagram

Here is a summary of the use case and diagram for the example:

Endpoint: GET /number-of-views

Controller method:

@authenticate(jwt)
@authorize({allowRoles: ['ADMIN']})
@get('/number-of-views')
numOfViews(): number {
  return 100;
}

Use case:

Use case

Authorization artifacts’ responsibilities:

Authorization artifacts' responsibilities

Extract common layer

@loopback/authentication and @loopback/authorization share the client information from the request. Therefore we have created another module, @loopback/security with types/interfaces that describe the client, like principles, userProfile, etc.

Contributions

Tests

run npm test from the root folder.

Contributors

See all contributors.

License

MIT