ESLint is a pluggable linting utility for JavaScript. Here are the guidelines for using it with LoopBack.
Page Contents

To begin with, clone the repo you want to fix and create a new branch: feature/eslint or name it as you find appropriate. Following are the steps to introduce ESLint to LoopBack repositories:

To make reviews easier, best practice is to send three separate commits:

Add ESLint infrastructure

Refer to this commit for an example.

  • Remove all jshint and/or jscs files, i.e. .jshintrc, .jscsrc or .jshintignore files.
  • If the repo:
    • Is not using Grunt, install eslint as a devDependencies via npm install eslint --save-dev.
    • Is using Grunt and depends on grunt-jshint, replace it with grunt-eslint (no need to install eslint as it’s already installed as a dep from grunt-eslint).
  • Update devDependencies by installing eslint-config-loopback.
    • Run npm install --save-dev eslint-config-loopback@latest to ensure the latest version is installed.
  • In package.json’s devDependencies section, set eslint version to ^2.13.1.
  • Add .eslintrc file with following content:

        "extends": "loopback"
  • Add .eslintignore file as well, if applicable.
  • If the repository is using Grunt, update the Gruntfile.js to use eslint (refer to the example commit).
  • Scan code base for any occurances of jshint/jscs and replace with eslint where appropriate. NOTE: Mac users run grep -r jshint <dir/file> <dir/file> ... to find occurences of word jshint in a dir/file.
  • Modify package.json and/or Gruntfile to ensure that linter (eslint) is run after the tests pass. This typically means adding a "posttest": "eslint" script. If the original package contains a pretest script to run the linter, then remove the pretest script in favor of posttest.

Commit with message Add eslint infrastructure.

Auto-update by eslint –fix

Once you set up eslint infrastructure, the following steps automatically will eliminate most linting errors, such as comma-dangle errors:

  • In a command terminal, go to repo and run following command: ./node_modules/.bin/eslint --fix .

Above command will auto-fix linting errors as per linter rules and will also show the errors it didn’t fix. Commit these changes with message: Auto-update by eslint --fix.

Fix linting errors

  • From terminal, go to repo and run following command: ./node_modules/.bin/eslint . it will display list of errors with a line-number that needs fixup. Take a note of number of errors reported

  • If you see a high number of max-len violation, then add a custom max-len settings to .eslintrc as follows:

      "extends": "loopback",
      "rules": {
        "max-len": ["error", 90, 4, {
          "ignoreComments": true,
          "ignoreUrls": true,
          "ignorePattern": "^\\s*var\\s.+=\\s*(require\\s*\\()|(/)"

Then run eslint as in previous step.

  • Try different values (90, 100, 110, 120) and find the lowest one where the number of failing lines is still reasonable. For example, in strong-remoting, eslint was reporting 76 errors for max-len of 100 and changing it to 90 was reporting 78 errors, thus lowest number 90 would make sense to set as max line length.

  • Using 'use strict'; may cause this error:

   Uncaught SyntaxError: In strict mode code, functions can only
   be declared at top level or immediately within another function
  • Cause: function is declared inside a If/switch…etc block.
  • Solution: Move the function outside the block. For example:
    function funcName(parameter) {    
    switch() {
      case 1: function() {
        funcName (parameter);
  • Go to the files and fix errors manually and commit.

Push the commit with message: Fix linting errors

That’s it, open a PR for review!