A tutorial example that illustrates running LoopBack in both browser and server, demonstrating offline data access and synchronization, and sharing routes between the AngularJS app and server.
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An example running LoopBack in the browser and server, demonstrating the following features:

  • offline data access and synchronization
  • routes shared between the AngularJS app and the HTTP server

Install and Run

  1. You must have node and git installed. It’s recommended to have mongod installed too, so that the data is preserved across application restarts.

  2. Clone the repo.

  3. cd loopback-example-offline-sync

  4. npm install - install the root package dependencies.

  5. npm install grunt-cli -g - skip if you have Grunt CLI already installed.

  6. npm install bower -g - skip if you already have Bower installed.

  7. bower install - install front-end scripts

  8. mongod - make sure mongodb is running if you want to run with NODE_ENV=production.

  9. grunt serve - build and run the entire project in development mode.

  10. open http://localhost:3000 - point a browser at the running application.

Project layout

The project is composed from multiple components.

  • common/models/ contains definition of models that are shared by both the server and the client.

  • client/lbclient/ provides an isomorphic loopback client with offline synchronization. The client needs some client-only models for data synchronization. These models are defined in client/lbclient/models/.

  • client/ngapp/ is a single-page AngularJS application scaffolded using yo angular, with a few modifications to make it work better in the full-stack project.

  • server/ is the main HTTP server that brings together all other components. Also сontains the REST API server; it exposes the shared models via REST API.


This project uses Grunt for the build, since that’s what yo angular creates.

There are three major changes from the generic Gruntfile required for this full-stack example:

  • grunt serve uses the server/ component instead of grunt connect.

  • lbclient component provides a custom build script (lbclient/build.js) which runs browserify to produce a single js file to be used in the browser. The Gruntfile contains a custom task to run this build.

  • The definition of Angular routes is kept in a standalone JSON file that is used by the server/ component too. To make this JSON file available in the browser, there is a custom task that builds ngapp/config/bundle.js.


  • grunt serve starts the application in development mode, watching for file changes and automatically reloading the application.
  • grunt test runs automated tests (only the front-end has tests at the moment).
  • grunt build creates the bundle for deploying to production.
  • grunt serve:dist starts the application serving the production bundle of the front-end SPA.
  • grunt jshint checks consistency of the coding style.

Adding more features

Define a new shared model

The instructions assume the name of the new model is ‘MyModel’.

  1. Create a file models/my-model.json, put the model definition there. Use models/todo.json as an example, see loopback-boot docs for more details about the file format.

  2. (Optional) Add models/my-model.js and implement your custom model methods. See models/todo.js for an example.

  3. Add an entry to rest/models.json to configure the new model in the REST server:

      "MyModel": {
        "dataSource": "db"
  4. Define a client-only model to represent the remote server model in the client - create lbclient/models/my-model.json with the following content:

      "name": "RemoteMyModel",
      "base": "MyModel"
  5. Add two entries to lbclient/models.json to configure the new models for the client:

      "MyModel": {
        "dataSource": "local"
      "RemoteMyModel": {
        "dataSource": "remote"
  6. Register the local model with Angular’s injector in ngapp/scripts/services/lbclient.js:

      .value('MyModel', app.models.LocalMyModel)

Create a new Angular route

Since the full-stack example project shares the routes between the client and the server, the new route cannot be added using the yeoman generator.

  1. (Optional) Create a new angular controller using yeoman, for example,

    $ yo angular:controller MyModel
  2. (Optional) Create a new angular view using yeoman, for example,

    $ yo angular:view models
  3. Add a route entry to ngapp/config/routes.json, for example,

      "/models": {
        "controller": "MymodelCtrl",
        "templateUrl": "/views/models.html"

More LoopBack examples

Tags: example_app