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@loopback/logging

This module contains a component provides logging facilities based on Winston and Fluentd.

Stability: ⚠️Experimental⚠️

Experimental packages provide early access to advanced or experimental functionality to get community feedback. Such modules are published to npm using 0.x.y versions. Their APIs and functionality may be subject to breaking changes in future releases.

Architecture overview

logging-component

Installation

npm install --save @loopback/logging

Basic use

The component should be loaded in the constructor of your custom Application class.

Start by importing the component class:

import {LoggingComponent} from '@loopback/logging';

In the constructor, add the component to your application:

this.component(LoggingComponent);

Now your application can add a controller as follows to leverage the logging facilities:

import {inject} from '@loopback/core';
import {Logger, logInvocation} from '@loopback/logging';
import {get, param} from '@loopback/rest';

class MyController {
  // Inject a winston logger
  @inject(LoggingBindings.WINSTON_LOGGER)
  private logger: Logger;

  // http access is logged by a global interceptor
  @get('/greet/{name}')
  // log the `greet` method invocations
  @logInvocation()
  greet(@param.path.string('name') name: string) {
    return `Hello, ${name}`;
  }

  @get('/hello/{name}')
  hello(@param.path.string('name') name: string) {
    // Use the winston logger explicitly
    this.logger.log('info', `greeting ${name}`);
    return `Hello, ${name}`;
  }
}

Configure the logging component

The logging component can be configured as follows:

app.configure(LoggingBindings.COMPONENT).to({
  enableFluent: false, // default to true
  enableHttpAccessLog: true, // default to true
});
  • enableFluent: Enable logs to be sent to Fluentd
  • enableHttpAccessLog: Enable all http requests to be logged via a global interceptor

The component contributes bindings with keys declared under LoggingBindings namespace as follows:

  • FLUENT_SENDER - A fluent sender
  • WINSTON_LOGGER - A winston logger
  • WINSTON_TRANSPORT_FLUENT - A fluent transport for winston
  • WINSTON_INTERCEPTOR - A local interceptor set by @logInvocation to log method invocations
  • WINSTON_HTTP_ACCESS_LOGGER - A global interceptor that logs http access with Morgan format

The fluent sender and transport for winston can be configured against FLUENT_SENDER:

import {LoggingBindings} from '@loopback/logging';

app.configure(LoggingBindings.FLUENT_SENDER).to({
  host: process.env.FLUENTD_SERVICE_HOST ?? 'localhost',
  port: +(process.env.FLUENTD_SERVICE_PORT_TCP ?? 24224),
  timeout: 3.0,
  reconnectInterval: 600000, // 10 minutes
});

The winston logger can be configured against LoggingBindings.WINSTON_LOGGER:

import {LoggingBindings} from '@loopback/logging';

ctx.configure<LoggerOptions>(LoggingBindings.WINSTON_LOGGER).to({
  level: 'info',
  format: format.json(),
  defaultMeta: {framework: 'LoopBack'},
});

The winston logger accepts two types of extensions to the following extension points:

  • WINSTON_TRANSPORT = ‘logging.winston.transport’
  • WINSTON_FORMAT = ‘logging.winston.format’
import {extensionFor} from '@loopback/core';
import {format} from 'winston';
import {
  WINSTON_FORMAT,
  WINSTON_TRANSPORT,
  WinstonFormat,
  WinstonTransports,
} from '@loopback/logging';

const myFormat: WinstonFormat = format((info, opts) => {
  console.log(info);
  return false;
})();

ctx
  .bind('logging.winston.formats.myFormat')
  .to(myFormat)
  .apply(extensionFor(WINSTON_FORMAT));
ctx
  .bind('logging.winston.formats.colorize')
  .to(format.colorize())
  .apply(extensionFor(WINSTON_FORMAT));

const consoleTransport = new WinstonTransports.Console({
  level: 'info',
  format: format.combine(format.colorize(), format.simple()),
});
ctx
  .bind('logging.winston.transports.console')
  .to(consoleTransport)
  .apply(extensionFor(WINSTON_TRANSPORT));

If no transport is contributed, the winston logger uses the console transport.

No default format is configured for the winston logger.

The access log interceptor can also be configured to customize Morgan format and options:

ctx
  .configure(LoggingBindings.WINSTON_HTTP_ACCESS_LOGGER)
  .to({format: 'combined'});

Contributions

Tests

Run npm test from the root folder.

The acceptance test against fluentd is available as a separate package at acceptance/extension-logging-fluentd.

Contributors

See all contributors.

License

MIT