LoopBack 4 TodoList Application Tutorial - Add TodoList Repository
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One great feature of a related model’s repository is its ability to expose a factory function (a function that returns a newly instantiated object) to return a ‘constrained’ version of the related model’s repository. A factory function is useful because it allows you to create a repository whose operations are limited by the data set that applies to the factory function.

In this section, we’ll build TodoListRepository to have the capability of building a constrained version of TodoRepository.

Create your repository

In the src/repositories directory:

  • create todo-list.repository.ts
  • update index.ts to export the newly created repository

Like TodoRepository, we’ll use DefaultCrudRepository to extend our TodoListRepository. Since we’re going to be using the same database used for TodoRepository, inject datasources.db in this repository as well. From there we’ll need to make two more additions:

  • define the todos property, which will be used to build a constrained TodoRepository
  • inject TodoRepository instance

Once the property type for todos has been defined, use this._createHasManyRepositoryFactoryFor to assign it a repository constraining factory function. Pass in the name of the relationship (todos) and the Todo repository instance to constrain as the arguments for the function.


import {
} from '@loopback/repository';
import {TodoList, Todo} from '../models';
import {inject} from '@loopback/core';
import {TodoRepository} from './todo.repository';

export class TodoListRepository extends DefaultCrudRepository<
  typeof TodoList.prototype.id
> {
  public readonly todos: HasManyRepositoryFactory<
    typeof TodoList.prototype.id

    @inject('datasources.db') dataSource: juggler.DataSource,
    @repository(TodoRepository) protected todoRepository: TodoRepository,
  ) {
    super(TodoList, dataSource);
    this.todos = this._createHasManyRepositoryFactoryFor(

We’re now ready to expose TodoList and its related Todo API through the controller.

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